Thailand Quick Facts & Figures


Official Name: Kingdom Of Thailand

Capital: Bangkok

Time Zone: GMT + 7 hoursArea: 513,115 sq km

198,115 sq mi

Population: 65,493,298 (2008 estimate)

Population growth rate: 0.64 percent (2008 estimate)

Population density:

128 persons per sq km (2008 estimate)

332 persons per sq mi (2008 estimate)


Ethnic groups:

Chinese – 4%

Malay- 3%

Khmer, Hmong, Karen, and other – 8%

Thai – 75%

Chinese – 4%



Religious Affiliations:

The national religion is Theravada Buddhism which is practiced by more than 85% of all Thais, with small minorities of Muslims 7% and few numbers of Christians 2% mostly Catholics and Hindus and others 4%

Life expectancy:

Total 72.8 years (2008 estimate)
Female 75.3 years (2008 estimate)
Male 70.5 years (2008 estimate)

Literacy rate:

Total 96.4 percent (2005 estimate)
Female 95.1 percent (2005 estimate)
Male 97.7 percent (2005 estimate)

Form of Government:

Thailand is under Constitutional Monarchy as the King being the Head of state, with a democratic system of government in which the prime minister is the head of the government with Bicameral Legislature- House of Representatives with 480 members and the Senate with 150 members. Supreme Court is the highest court in Thailand.

Head of State: HM King Bhumibol Aduljadej (Rama lX) Since 1946
Head of the Government: Yingluck Shinawatra since August 5, 2011.


73 provinces each divided into amphoe (district), tambon (sub-district) and muban village.

National Flag:

The red, white & blue stripes symbolize the nation, Buddhism and the monarchy respectively.




Sugarcane, Rice, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rubber, maize, pineapples, corn,livestock,
Kenaf, tobacco, cotton, and kapok. Rice is the major crop grown; Thailand is the world’s biggest rice exporter. Thailand provides about 95% of the world’s cassava exports.


Thailand ranked second in tungsten and third in tin production in 2002 and ranked fifth in feldspar and eighth in gypsum in 2001. The country also had considerable resources of diatomite, dolomite, limestone, potash, rock salt, gemstones, zinc, lead, iron ore, lignite and manganese and a wide variety of other industrial minerals.


Textiles and garments remain Thailand’s largest industry and second-largest source of exports (after electronics). Among the ASEAN nations during the decade of boom, Thailand became the largest producer of petrochemicals as well as cement, and textiles.
Electronics and electrical goods has been Thailand’s leading manufacturing export sector, Thailand also produced refined sugar, refined petroleum, motor vehicles and cigarettes. One industry that showed uninterrupted annual increases was the production of beer.

Major exports:

Textiles and garments, electronic goods (especially semiconductors), prawns, rice, rubber, precious gems, cassava, sugar

Major imports:

Petroleum and petroleum products, machinery, chemicals, iron and steel

Major trade partners for exports

United States, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong SAR, and China Major trade partners for imports Japan, United States, China, Malaysia, and Singapore